Background:

The 2016 Chilean Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is a review of the evidence across indicators of behaviors, settings, and sources of influence associated with physical activity (PA) of Chilean children and youth.

Methods:

A Research Work Group reviewed available evidence from publications, surveys, government documents and datasets to assign a grade for 11 indicators for PA behavior based on the percentage of compliance for defined benchmarks. Grades were defined as follows: A, 81% to 100% of children accomplishing a given benchmark; B, 61% to 80%; C, 41% to 60%; D, 21% to 40%; F, 0% to 20%; INC, incomplete data available to assign score.

Results:

Grades assigned were for i) ‘Behaviors that contribute to overall PA levels’: Overall PA, F; Organized Sport Participation, D; Active Play, INC; and Active Transportation, C-; ii) ‘Factors associated with cardiometabolic risk’: Sedentary Behavior, D; Overweight and Obesity, F; Fitness, F; and iii) ‘Factors that influence PA’: Family and Peers, D; School, D; Community and Built Environment, C; Government Strategies and Investments, C.

Conclusions:

Chile faces a major challenge as most PA indicators scored low. There were clear research and information gaps that need to be filled with the implementation of consistent and regular data collection methods.

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Aguilar-Farias and Cortinez-O’Ryan are with the Dept of Physical Education, Sports, and Recreation, Universidad de La Frontera, Chile; UFRO Activate Research Group. Sadarangani is with the School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad San Sebastian, Chile; and the Dept of Physical Education, Sports, and Human Movement, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain. Von Oetinger is with the School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Chile. Leppe is with the School of Physical Therapy, Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile. Valladares is with the Laboratory of Bionanotechnology, Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins, Chile. Balboa-Castillo is with the Dept of Public Health, Universidad de La Frontera, Chile. Cobos is with the Dept of Health Promotion and Citizen Participation, Division of Healthy Public Policies and Promotion, Subsecretary of Public Health, Ministry of Health Chile. Lemus is with the Unit of Curriculum and Assessment, Ministry of Education, Chile; and the Pedagogy in Physical Education, Sports, and Recreation, Universidad Mayor, Chile. Walbaum is with the Dept of Non-Communicable Diseases, Disease Prevention and Control Division, Ministry of Health, Chile. Cristi-Montero is with the IRyS Group, School of Physical Education, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile. Aguilar-Farias (nicolas.aguilar@ufrontera.cl) is corresponding author.