Results From Shanghai’s (China) 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Background:

Internationally comparable evidence is important to advocate for young people’s physical activity. The aim of this article is to present the inaugural Shanghai (China) Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth.

Methods:

Since no national data are available, the working group developed the survey questionnaire and carried out the school surveys for students (n = 71,404), parents (n = 70,346), and school administrators and teachers (n = 1398). The grades of 9 report card indicators were assigned in accordance with the survey results against a defined benchmark: A is 81% to 100%; B is 61% to 80%; C is 41% to 60%, D is 21% to 40%; F is 0% to 20%.

Results:

The 9 indicators were graded as follows: Overall Physical Activity Levels (F), Organized Sport Participation (F), Active Play (D-), Active Transportation (C-), Sedentary Behavior (F), Family and Peers (B), School (B+), Community and the Built Environment (D+), and Government (D).

Conclusions:

Levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior were low and below the respective recommended guidelines. Interventions and policies at the community level should be encouraged to promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior. Future national surveys should be encouraged to strengthen Shanghai’s Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth.

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Liu, Tang, Cao, Chen, Zhu, and Zhuang are with the Shanghai Research Center for Physical Fitness and Health of Children and Adolescents, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China. Liu and Tang are also with, and Zhang and Hu are with, the School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China. Cao, Chen, Zhu, and Zhuang are also with the School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China. Yang is with the Shanghai Municipal Center for Students’ Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance, Shanghai, China. Liu (docliuyang@hotmail.com) and Chen (chenpeijie@sus.edu.cn) are corresponding authors.