The Nigerian Report card on Physical Activity (PA) in Children and Youth was first developed in 2013 to inform practice and policy on healthy living and prevention of noncommunicable diseases among Nigerian children and youth. This article summarizes the results of the 2016 report card and provides updated evidence on the current situation in Nigeria.
A comprehensive review of literature was undertaken by the Report Card Working Group. Grades were assigned to 10 PA indicators based on the criteria used for the 2013 edition.
Grades assigned to the indicators were Overall PA, D; Active Play and Leisure, C; Active Transportation, B; Sedentary Behaviors (screen-based, F and nonscreen-based, D); Overweight and Obesity, A; PA in Schools, C-; Government/Nongovernment Organizations/Private Sector/Policy, B. The following indicators were graded as Incomplete: Organized Sport and PA, Community and Built Environment, and Family and Peers.
The overall PA levels of Nigerian children and youth seemed to be declining compared with the 2013 Report card but with slight improvement in active play and leisure, and PA in school settings. A substantial number of Nigerian children and youth still have high sedentary behaviors, overweight and obesity. Efforts are needed to promote PA among them.
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Adeniyi is with the Dept of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Odukoya is with the Dept of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria. Oyeyemi is with the Dept of Physiotherapy, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. Adedoyin is with the Dept of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. Ojo and Akinroye are with the Nigerian Heart Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria. Metseagharun is with Project HealthyKids, Lagos, Nigeria. Adeniyi (firstname.lastname@example.org) is corresponding author.