Background:

South Korea’s 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the first assessment of physical activity according to the indicators set by Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance.

Methods:

National surveys were used as preferred sources of data. This was then supported by peer-reviewed papers and government reports identified by a systematic search of the literature written in English or Korean. A Research Working Group then graded indicators based on the collected evidence.

Results:

Each indicator was graded as follows: Overall Physical Activity, D-; Organized Sport and Physical Activity Participation, C-; Active Transport, C+; Sedentary Behavior, F; School, D; Government and Investment, C; Active Play, Physical Literacy, Family and Peers, and Community and Built Environment were graded INC (incomplete) due to lack of available evidence.

Conclusions:

Though the final grades of key indicators for South Korean children and youth are not satisfactory, increasing interests and investments have been demonstrated at a national level. More evidence is required for comprehensive assessment on all indicators to better inform policy and practice. This should be accompanied by the use of consistent criteria to contribute to global efforts for active healthy kids.

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Y Song, Yang, Yu, MJ Kang, and Jeon are with the Dept of Sport and Leisure Studies; HJ Lee and Suh are with the Dept of Physical Education; Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. EY Lee and Spence are with the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. HJ Kang is with the Dept of Sports Medicine, Division of Physical Education, Soonchunhyang University, A-San, Korea. W Song is with the Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Dept of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. Kim is with the Dept of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. Park is with the College of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. Jeon (urspecial@yonsei.ac.kr) is corresponding author.