Physical activity (PA) is recognized as one of the core modifiable risk factors of noncommunicable diseases. However, little is known about PA in the Thai population, particularly in children. The report card (RC) project provided Thailand with an opportunity to assess PA behaviors in children. This paper summarizes the methodology, grading process, and the final grades of the Thai RC.
A school-based survey was conducted to collect data from a nationally representative sample of children aged 6 to 17 years. Survey results provided the primary source for the RC. Nine indicators were graded using the Global Matrix 2.0 framework. Grading was undertaken by a national committee comprising experts from key stakeholders.
Grades ranged from F to B. Overall PA and Sedentary Behaviors both received the grade D-. Organized Sport Participation scored a C. Active Play scored the grade F. Active Transport and support from Family and Peers were both graded B. School, Community, and Government indicators were scored C.
In Thai children, participation in PA and active play is very low; conversely, sedentary behaviors are high. These first data on patterns of activity for the Thailand RC will serve to guide national actions and advocacy aimed at increasing PA in children.
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Amornsriwatanakul is with the School of Earth and Environment and the School of Sports Science, Exercise, and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia. Nakornkhet is with the Physical Activity Research Centre, Salaya, Thailand. Katewongsa is with the Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand. Choosakul is with the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakam University, Mahasarakam, Thailand. Kaewmanee is with the Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand. Konharn is with the School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Purakom is with the Faculty of Education and Development Sciences, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Sane campus, Nakhon Prathom, Thailand. Santiworakul is with the School of Allied Health Sciences and Public Health, Walailak University, Tha Sala, Thailand. Sitilertpisan and Yankai are with the Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Sriramatr is with the Faculty of Physical Education, Srinakharinwirot University, Ongkharak, Thailand. Rosenberg is with the School of Sports Science, Exercise, and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia. Bull is with the School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia. Amornsriwatanakul (firstname.lastname@example.org) is corresponding author.