Results From Wales’ 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth: Is Wales Turning the Tide on Children’s Inactivity?

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Background:

This is the second Active Healthy Kids Wales Report Card. The 2016 version consolidates and translates research related to physical activity (PA) among children and youth in Wales, and aims to raise the awareness of children’s engagement in PA and sedentary behaviors.

Methods:

Ten PA indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids—Canada Report Card methodology involving a synthesis and expert consensus of the best available evidence.

Results:

Grades were assigned as follows: Overall PA, D+; Organized Sport Participation, C; Active and Outdoor Play, C; Active Transportation, C; Sedentary Behaviors, D-; Physical Literacy, INC; Family and Peer Influences, D+; School, B; Community and the Built Environment, C; and National Government Policy, Strategies, and Investments, B-.

Conclusions:

Despite the existence of sound policies, programs, and infrastructure, PA levels of children and youth in Wales are one of the lowest and sedentary behavior one of the highest globally. From the 2014 Report Card, the Family and Peer Influences grade improved from D to D+, whereas Community and the Built Environment dropped from B to C. These results indicate that a concerted effort is required to increase PA and decrease sedentary time in children and young people in Wales.

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Tyler and Stratton are with the Applied Sports Technology Exercise and Medicine (A-STEM) Research Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Bay Campus, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom. Mannello is with Play Wales, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Mattingley is with Sport Wales, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Roberts is with the Social Research and Information Division, Welsh Government (and HBSC Wales Principal Investigator), Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Sage and Ward are with Public Health Wales, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Taylor is with the Dept of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Wrexham Glyndwr University, Wrexham Campus, Wrexham, Wales, United Kingdom. Williams is with the Faculty of Life Sciences and Education, University of South Wales, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom. Stratton (G.Stratton@Swansea.ac.uk) is corresponding author.