Studies of Physical Activity and COVID-19 During the Pandemic: A Scoping Review

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
View More View Less
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $117.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $156.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $222.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $296.00

Background: This scoping review aimed to identify the available evidence related to physical activity (PA) and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: A search in 6 databases (PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL) was conducted on July 23, 2020. Medical subject headings and keywords related to PA and COVID-19 were combined to conduct the online search, which covered the period from January to July 2020. Results: Overall, 1784 articles were retrieved. After duplicate removal and title, abstract, and full-text screening, 41 articles were included. Most of the included studies were quantitative and collected data through online interviews/questionnaires, with sample sizes larger than 100 and composed by adults and older adults. Changes in PA levels due to the COVID-19 pandemic were the most assessed outcome, followed by the association between mental health issues and PA. Only 2 studies assessed the direct effects of PA on COVID-19. Conclusion: Most of the evidence identified a decrease in PA levels due to social distancing measures and that PA might help to decrease the mental health burden related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Caputo and Reichert are with the Physical Activity Epidemiology Study Group and Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Caputo (caputoeduardo@yahoo.com.br) is corresponding author.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Material 1 (PDF 37 KB)
  • 1.

    WHO. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) [Internet]. https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov). Cited July 30, 2020.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Wilder-Smith A, Freedman DO. Isolation, quarantine, social distancing and community containment: pivotal role for old-style public health measures in the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. J Travel Med. 2020;27(2):1–4.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Islam N, Sharp SJ, Chowell G, et al. Physical distancing interventions and incidence of coronavirus disease 2019: natural experiment in 149 countries. BMJ. 2020;370:1–10.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Feter N, Caputo EL, Doring IR, et al. Longitudinal study about low back pain, mental health, and access to healthcare system during COVID-19 pandemic: protocol of an ambispective cohort. medRxiv. 2020.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Lippi G, Henry BM, Bovo C, Sanchis-Gomar F. Health risks and potential remedies during prolonged lockdowns for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Diagnosis. 2020;7(2):8590.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Warburton DER, Bredin SSD. Health benefits of physical activity: a systematic review of current systematic reviews. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2017;32(5):54156.

  • 7.

    Nieman DC, Wentz LM. The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense system. J Sport Health Sci. 2019;8(3):201217.

  • 8.

    ACSM. Staying Active During the Coronavirus Pandemic [Internet]. 2020. https://www.exerciseismedicine.org/assets/page_documents/EIM_Rx for Health_ Staying Active During Coronavirus Pandemic.pdf. Cited June 2, 2020.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Cavalcanti AB, Zampieri FG, Rosa RG, et al. Hydroxychloroquine with or without Azithromycin in mild-to-moderate Covid-19 . N Engl J Med. 2020;112.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Jackson LA, Anderson EJ, Rouphael NG, et al. An mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2—Preliminary report. N Engl J Med. 2020;1–12.

  • 11.

    Cummings MJ, Baldwin MR, Abrams D, et al. Epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of critically ill adults with COVID-19 in New York City: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2020;395(10239):17631770.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Banerjee A, Pasea L, Harris S, et al. Estimating excess 1-year mortality associated with the COVID-19 pandemic according to underlying conditions and age: a population-based cohort study. Lancet. 2020;395(10238):17151725.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Rodriguez-Ayllon M, Cadenas-Sanchez C, Estevez-Lopez F, et al. Role of physical activity and sedentary behavior in the mental health of preschoolers, children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2019;49(9):13831410.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, et al. PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467473.

  • 15.

    Peters MDJ. In no uncertain terms: the importance of a defined objective in scoping reviews. JBI Database Syst Rev Implement Reports. 2016;14(2):14.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Antunes R, Frontini R, Amaro N, et al. Exploring lifestyle habits, physical activity, anxiety and basic psychological needs in a sample of Portuguese adults during COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(12):113.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Assaloni R, Pellino VC, Puci M V, et al. Coronavirus disease (Covid-19): how does the exercise practice in active people with Type 1 diabetes change? A preliminary survey. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020;166:108297.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Constandt B, Thibaut E, De Bosscher V, Scheerder J, Ricour M, Willem A. Exercising in times of lockdown: an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on levels and patterns of exercise among adults in Belgium. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):110.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Di Renzo L, Gualtieri P, Pivari F, et al. Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown: an Italian survey. J Transl Med. 2020;18(1):229.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Di Stefano V, Battaglia G, Giustino V, et al. Significant reduction of physical activity in patients with neuromuscular disease during COVID-19 pandemic. J Neurol. 2020;1–7.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Esentürk OK, Esenturk OK. Parents’ perceptions on physical activity for their children with autism spectrum disorders during the novel Coronavirus outbreak. Int J Dev Disabil. 2020;1–12.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Giustino V, Parroco AM, Gennaro A, Musumeci G, Palma A, Battaglia G. Physical activity levels and related energy expenditure during COVID-19 Quarantine among the Sicilian active population: a cross-sectional online survey study. Sustainability. 2020;12(11):4356.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Goethals L, Barth N, Guyot J, Hupin D, Celarier T, Bongue B. Impact of home quarantine on physical activity among older adults living at home during the covid-19 pandemic: qualitative interview study. JMIR Aging 2020;3(1):e19007.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Hamer M, Kivimaki M, Gale CR, Batty GD. Lifestyle risk factors, inflammatory mechanisms, and COVID-19 hospitalization: a community-based cohort study of 387,109 adults in UK. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;87:184–187.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Maugeri G, Castrogiovanni P, Battaglia G, et al. The impact of physical activity on psychological health during Covid-19 pandemic in Italy. Heliyon. 2020;6(6 ):e04315.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Mutz M, Gerke M. Sport and exercise in times of self-quarantine: how Germans changed their behaviour at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. Int Rev Sociol Sport. 2020.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Pieh C, Budimir S, Probst T. The effect of age, gender, income, work, and physical activity on mental health during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown in Austria. J Psychosom Res. 2020;136:110186.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Pietrobelli A, Pecoraro L, Ferruzzi A, et al. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on lifestyle behaviors in children with obesity living in Verona, Italy: a longitudinal study. Obesity. 2020;28:13821385.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Sekulic D, Blazevic M, Gilic B, Kvesic I, Zenic N. Prospective analysis of levels and correlates of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic and imposed rules of social distancing; gender specific study among adolescents from Southern Croatia. Sustain. 2020;12(10):4072.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Smith L, Jacob L, Butler L, et al. Prevalence and correlates of physical activity in a sample of UK adults observing social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2020;6(1):e000850.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Tornese G, Ceconi V, Monasta L, Carletti C, Faleschini E, Barbi E. Glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus during COVID-19 quarantine and the role of in-home physical activity. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2020.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Vetrovsky T, Frybova T, Gant I, et al. The detrimental effect of COVID-19 nationwide quarantine on accelerometer-assessed physical activity of heart failure patients. ESC Heart Failure. 2020;7:2093–2097.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33.

    Zenic N, Taiar R, Gilic B, et al. Levels and changes of physical activity in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: contextualizing urban vs. rural living environment. Appl Sci. 2020;10(11):114.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34.

    Almandoz JP, Xie L, Schellinger JN, et al. Impact of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on weight-related behaviors among patients with obesity. Clin Obes. 2020;e12386.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35.

    Bourassa KJ, Sbarra DA, Caspi A, Moffitt TE. Social distancing as a health behavior: county-level movement in the united states during the covid-19 pandemic is associated with conventional health behaviors. Ann Behav Med. 2020.1–9.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36.

    Ellis WE, Dumas TM, Forbes LM. Physically isolated but socially connected: psychological adjustment and stress among adolescents during the initial COVID-19 crisis. Can J Behav Sci. 2020;52(3):177187.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37.

    Gomes CM, Favorito LA, Henriques JVT, et al. Impact of COVID-19 on clinical practice, income, health and lifestyle behavior of Brazilian urologists. Int Braz J Urol. 2020;46.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38.

    Guerrero MD, Vanderloo LM, Rhodes RE, Faulkner G, Moore SA, Tremblay MS. Canadian children’s and youth’s adherence to the 24-h movement guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic: a decision tree analysis. J Sport Health Sci. 2020.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39.

    Hemphill NM, Kuan MT, Harris KC. Reduced physical activity during covid-19 pandemic in children with congenital heart disease. Can J Cardiol. 2020;36(7):11301134.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40.

    Huckins JF, daSilva AW, Wang W, et al. Mental health and behavior of college students during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal smartphone and ecological momentary assessment study. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(6):e20185.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 41.

    Lesser IA, Nienhuis CP. The impact of COVID-19 on physical activity behavior and well-being of Canadians. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):3899.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42.

    Middleton A, Simpson KN, Bettger JP, Bowden MG. COVID-19 pandemic and beyond: considerations and costs of telehealth exercise programs for older adults with functional impairments living at home-lessons learned from a pilot case study. Phys Ther. 2020;pzaa089.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 43.

    Choi C, Bum C-H. Changes in the type of sports activity due to COVID-19: Hypochondriasis and the intention of continuous participation in sports. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(13):111.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 44.

    Ghosal S, Arora B, Dutta K, et al. Increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes during lockdown for the COVID19 pandemic in India: a cohort analysis. Diabetes Metab Syndr Clin Res Rev. 2020;14(5):949952.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 45.

    He M, Xian Y, Lv X, et al. Changes in body weight, physical activity and lifestyle during the semi-lockdown period after the outbreak of COVID-19 in China: an online survey. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020:1–6.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 46.

    Mukaino M, Tatemoto T, Kumazawa N, et al. Staying active in isolation: telerehabilitation for individuals with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2020;99(6):478479.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 47.

    Park S, Kim B, Lee J. Social distancing and outdoor physical activity during the COVID-19 outbreak in South Korea: implications for physical distancing strategies. [published online ahead of print July 11, 2020]. Asia-Pac J Public Health. 2020. PubMed ID: 32667221 doi:10.1177/1010539520940929

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 48.

    Zhang Y, Zhang H, Ma X, et al. Mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemics and the mitigation effects of exercise: a longitudinal study of college students in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(10):3722.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 49.

    Yamada M, Kimura Y, Ishiyama D, et al. Effect of the COVID-19 epidemic on physical activity in community-dwelling older adults in Japan: a cross-sectional online survey [published online ahead of print June 23, 2020]. J Nutr Health Aging. 2020;1–3.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 50.

    Gallo LA, Gallo TF, Young SL, Moritz KM, Akison LK. The impact of isolation measures due to COVID-19 on energy intake and physical activity levels in Australian university students. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1865.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 51.

    Phillipou A, Meyer D, Neill E, et al. Eating and exercise behaviors in eating disorders and the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia: initial results from the COLLATE project. Int J Eat Disord. 2020;53(7):11581165.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 52.

    Stanton R, To QG, Khalesi S, et al. Depression, anxiety and stress during COVID-19: associations with changes in physical activity, sleep, tobacco and alcohol use in Australian adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):113.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 53.

    Pillay L, Janse van Rensburg DCC, Jansen van Rensburg A, et al. Nowhere to hide: the significant impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) measures on elite and semi-elite South African athletes. J Sci Med Sport. 2020;23(7):670679.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 54.

    Shalash A, Roushdy T, Essam M, et al. Mental health, physical activity and quality of life in Parkinson’s disease during COVID-19 pandemic. Mov Disord. 2020.

  • 55.

    Pépin JL, Bruno RM, Yang R-Y, et al. Wearable activity trackers for monitoring adherence to home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide: data aggregation and analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(6):e19787.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 56.

    Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, et al. Effects of COVID-19 home confinement on eating behaviour and physical activity: results of the ECLB-COVID19 international online survey. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1583.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 57.

    Pascoe M, Bailey AP, Craike M, et al. Physical activity and exercise in youth mental health promotion: a scoping review. BMJ Open Sp Ex Med. 2020;6(1):677.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 58.

    Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet. 2012;380(9838):219229.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 59.

    Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet Glob Health. 2018;6(10):e1077e1086.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 60.

    Eirale C, Bisciotti G, Corsini A, Baudot C, Saillant G, Chalabi H. Medical recommendations for home-confined footballers’ training during the COVID-19 pandemic: from evidence to practical application. Biol Sport. 2020;37(2):203207.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 61.

    Stokes KA, Jones B, Bennett M, et al. Returning to play after prolonged training restrictions in professional collision sports [published online ahead of print May 29, 2020]. Int J Sports Med.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 6912 6912 901
Full Text Views 193 193 20
PDF Downloads 123 123 13