There is an inverse relationship between individual socio-economic status (SES) and amount of occupational physical activity. The role of the socio-economic environment is, however, less clear. This study examined the independent influences of neighborhood and individual SES on absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. It also examined the moderating effects of neighborhood SES on the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.
Employees (n = 1236) resident in high or low SES neighborhoods were assessed on socio-demographic factors, including educational attainment and household income, and physical activity.
Neighborhood SES and individual SES were independently inversely related to absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. Significant interactions between neighborhood SES and level of educational attainment in the contribution of total and vigorous occupational physical activity to total physical activity were found.
Neighborhood SES can function as a moderator in the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.
Proper is with Body@Work, Research Center Physical Activity, Work and Health, TNO-VUmc, The Netherlands and with the VU University Medical Center, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine (EMGO Institute), Van der Boechorststraat 7, NL-1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Cerin and Owen are with the Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston QLD 4006, Australia.