Differential Perceptual and Motivational Patterns When Different Goals Are Adopted

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
View More View Less
  • 1 Democritus University of Thrace
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $87.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $116.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $166.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $221.00

This study examined how perceived motivational climate in physical education is related to (a) perceptions of teachers’ differential treatment toward high and low achievers, (b) reported motivation and anxiety of children with high and low perceived competence during play or exercise with high- or low-ability children. One thousand three hundred ninety-three high school students completed measures of the above variables. The perception of teacher’s differential treatment was positively related to the perception of an environment emphasizing social comparison and negatively related to the perception of a climate emphasizing personal progress. Perceived competence had no effect on intrinsic motivation when extremely high learning goals were adopted. When low learning goals were adopted, motivation decreased for children with low perceived ability playing with high achievers and for children with high perceived ability playing with low achievers. A high learning-oriented climate should be created to enhance equality and maximize motivation.

Athanasios Papaioannou is with the Department of Physical Education & Sport Science at Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, 69100, Greece.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1034 748 32
Full Text Views 23 8 0
PDF Downloads 14 1 0