Confirmatory factor analysis was used as the basis for a new form of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory (ACSI). The ACSI-28 contains seven sport-specific subscales: Coping With Adversity, Peaking Under Pressure, Goal Setting/Mental Preparation, Concentration, Freedom From Worry, Confidence and Achievement Motivation, and Coachability. The scales can be summed to yield a Personal Coping Resources score, which is assumed to reflect a multifaceted psychological skills construct. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated the factorial validity of the ACSI-28, as the seven subscales conform well to the underlying factor structure for both male and female athletes. Psychometric characteristics are described, and preliminary evidence for construct and predictive validity is presented.
Ronald E. Smith and Frank L. Smoll are with the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195-1525. Robert W. Schutz is with the School of Human Kinetics at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z4. J.T. Ptacek is with the Department of Psychology at Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837.