Assessing Flow in Physical Activity: The Flow State Scale–2 and Dispositional Flow Scale–2

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 Queensland University of Technology
  • | 2 The University of Western Australia
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The Flow State Scale-2 (FSS-2) and Dispositional Flow Scale-2 (DFS-2) are presented as two self-report instruments designed to assess flow experiences in physical activity. Item modifications were made to the original versions of these scales in order to improve the measurement of some of the flow dimensions. Confirmatory factor analyses of an item identification and a cross-validation sample demonstrated a good fit of the new scales. There was support for both a 9-first-order factor model and a higher order model with a global flow factor. The item identification sample yielded mean item loadings on the first-order factor of .78 for the FSS-2 and .77 for the DFS-2. Reliability estimates ranged from .80 to .90 for the FSS-2, and .81 to .90 for the DFS-2. In the cross-validation sample, mean item loadings on the first-order factor were .80 for the FSS-2, and .73 for the DFS-2. Reliability estimates ranged between .80 to .92 for the FSS-2 and .78 to .86 for the DFS-2. The scales are presented as ways of assessing flow experienced within a particular event (FSS-2) or the frequency of flow experiences in chosen physical activity in general (DFS-2).

S.A. Jackson was with Queensland Univ. of Technology, Australia, at the time of this study; address correspondence to <> R.C. Eklund is with the Dept. of Human Movement and Exercise Science, Univ. of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

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