Interpersonal Emotion Regulation Among Adolescent Athletes: A Bayesian Multilevel Model Predicting Sport Enjoyment and Commitment

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 University of Toronto
  • 2 University of Ottawa
  • 3 University of British Columbia

Efforts to regulate emotions can influence others, and interpersonal emotion regulation within teams may affect athletes’ own affective and motivational outcomes. We examined adolescent athletes’ (N = 451, N teams = 38) self- and interpersonal emotion regulation, as well as associations with peer climate, sport enjoyment, and sport commitment within a multilevel model of emotion regulation in teams. Results of multilevel Bayesian structural equation modeling showed that athletes’ self-worsening emotion regulation strategies were negatively associated with enjoyment while other-improving emotion regulation strategies were positively associated enjoyment and commitment. The team-level interpersonal emotion regulation climate and peer motivational climates were also associated with enjoyment and commitment. Team-level factors moderated some of the relationships between athletes’ emotion regulation with enjoyment and commitment. These findings extend previous research by examining interpersonal emotion regulation within teams using a multilevel approach, and they demonstrate the importance of person- and team-level factors for athletes’ enjoyment and commitment.

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Katherine Tamminen and Patrick Gaudreau made equal contributions to the writing of this article. Katherine A. Tamminen is with the Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Patrick Gaudreau is with the School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Carolyn E. McEwen and Peter R.E. Crocker are with the School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Katherine A. Tamminen at