Influence of Vestibular Afferent Input on Common Modulation of Human Soleus Motor Units During Standing

in Motor Control
Restricted access

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether application of bipolar galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) would influence the common modulation of motor unit discharge rate in bilateral soleus muscles during quiet standing. Soleus motor unit activity was recorded with fine wire electrodes in each leg. Subjects stood, with eyes closed, on two adjacent force platforms to record postural sway with the head facing straight ahead, turned to right, or turned left. Subjects also swayed voluntarily without GVS to the same position as evoked during the GVS. There was no difference in the common drive to bilateral soleus motoneurons during quiet standing and voluntary sway tasks. Common drive was significantly lower during right cathode GVS with the head straight or turned to the right. These results demonstrate that manipulation of vestibular afferent input influences the common modulation of bilateral soleus motor unit pairs during quiet standing.

Monsour is with the Neuroscience Graduate Program. Ivanova is with the School of Physical Therapy. Wilson is with the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology. Garland is with the School of Physical Therapy and the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology. All authors are at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.