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This cross-sectional study aimed at developing a biomechanical method to objectify voluntary and unpredictable movements, using an automated three-dimensional motion capture system and surface electromyography. Fourteen experienced theater performers were tested while executing the old man exercise, wherein they have to walk like an old man, building up a sustained high intensive muscular activity and tremor. Less experienced performed showed a different kinematics of movement, a slower speed of progression and more variable EMG signals at higher intensity. Female performers also differed from males in movement kinematics and muscular activity. The number of the trial only influenced the speed of progression. The performers showed results which could be well placed within the stages of learning and the degrees of freedom problem.
Emmanuel, Nathalie, and Ann are with the Dept. of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (REVAKI), University of Antwerp, Belgium. Ine is with the Ine Van Caekenberghe—Research Consultancy, Sports Biomechanics, Belgium. Edith and Van den Dries are with the Research Center for Visual Poetics, University of Antwerp, Belgium. Jonas is with the Centre for Metaphysics, Philosophy of Religion and Philosophy of Culture, KU Leuven, Belgium. Gielen is with the Dept. of Sports Medicine and Radiology, University of Antwerp and Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium.