Fixing the Boundaries of Physical Gender: Side Effects of Anti-Drug Campaigns in Athletics

in Sociology of Sport Journal
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  • 1 University of Iowa
  • | 2 Hamline University
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Over 40 anti-drug campaign media texts, including posters, videotapes, and brochures, served as data for this study. These texts were systematically analyzed and many prevalent themes were identified and categorized. Several themes are highlighted, focusing on assumptions and interpretations that the texts encourage readers to make. The purpose of this study is to illustrate how many of the anti-drug media campaigns, particularly those concerned with steroids, are problematic because they encourage readers to assume that bodies naturally fit into unambiguous bipolar categories of gender, and that steroids are artificial substances that disrupt this natural gender dichotomization. The assumptions that bodies are purely natural and drugs are artificial substances that disrupt natural bodies are also discussed because they are interconnected with and help to legitimate the assumption of physical gender dichotomization. These media texts are examined in the light of gender relations, wherein the embodiment of particular forms of gender is seen as crucial to the maintenance of the present gender order.

Laurel R. Davis is a PhD candidate in the Dept. of Physical Education and Sports Studies at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242. Linda C. Delano is with the Dept. of Physical Education at Hamline University, St. Paul, MN 55104.

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