Training Quiet Eye Improves Accuracy in the Basketball Free Throw

in The Sport Psychologist
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  • 1 The University of Calgary
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University basketball players (Team A) received quiet eye (QE) training over two seasons of league play, compared to two control teams (Team B and Team C), who competed at the top of the same league but did not receive similar training. QE was defined as the player’s final fixation on the hoop or backboard prior to the shooting action. In Season 1, Team A improved significantly, Pre to Post, in experimental accuracy, QE duration, and relative shot timing but did not transfer these improvements to league play during the season. At the conclusion of Season 2, Team A improved their free throw shooting accuracy by 22.62% to 76.66%, more than Team A (66.18%) or B (74.05%). The results highlight the importance of training a sustained duration of QE on a single location on the hoop prior to the execution of the shooting action. Theoretical and applied implications of training QE are discussed, and recommendations are made for future research and training.

S.K. Harle and J.N. Vickers are with the Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, Calgary, Alberta. Canada. T2N 1N4. Email: <>.

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