Role of the Coach: How Model Youth Team Sport Coaches Frame Their Roles

in The Sport Psychologist
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Similar to a belief system, a role frame acts as a perceptual filter that influences how practitioners define their professional responsibilities (Schön, 1983). The purpose of this article is to present the role frame components of model youth team sport coaches. The results are based on a two-year multiple-case study with six coaches. On average, the coaches’ role frame comprised two boundary components and nine internal components. Boundary components are objective environmental conditions that can influence an individual’s approach to coaching. Internal role frame components are personal views a coach holds regarding youth sport coaching. A discussion of how role frames can be examined and used by researchers, coaches, and coach educators is provided.

Wade D. Gilbert is with the Department of Kinesiology at California State University, Fresno 93740. Email: wgilbert@csufresno.edu. Pierre Trudel is with the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa, Canada.

The Sport Psychologist

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