The Development and Maintenance of Mental Toughness in the World’s Best Performers

in The Sport Psychologist
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Wales Institute
  • | 2 Lane 4 Management Group Ltd.
Restricted access

Eleven superelite participants (7 performers, 2 coaches and 2 sport psychologists) were interviewed regarding the development and maintenance of mental toughness. Findings revealed that this process occurred over four distinct career phases: three developmental phases, and one maintenance phase. Factors influencing development and maintenance included: skill mastery, competitiveness, successes, international competitive experience, education and advice, the use of psychological skills, access to an understanding social support network, and reflective practice. In addition, positive and negative critical incidents were perceived by participants to act as catalysts in initiating or enhancing specific components of mental toughness. Practical implications highlight the importance of a mental toughness attitude/mindset to development, while future directions are discussed in relation to measurement and intervention strategies.

Connaughton and Hanton are with the Cardiff School of Sport, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, UK. Jones is with Lane 4 Management Group Ltd., Buckinghamshire, UK.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3372 1278 195
Full Text Views 253 54 9
PDF Downloads 275 72 17