Be Active and Become Happy: An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Physical Activity and Mood

Click name to view affiliation

Martina Kanning University of Stuttgart

Search for other papers by Martina Kanning in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Wolfgang Schlicht University of Stuttgart

Search for other papers by Wolfgang Schlicht in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The positive effects of physical activity on mood are well documented in cross-sectional studies. To date there have been only a few studies analyzing within-subject covariance between physical activity and mood in everyday life. This study aims to close this gap using an ambulatory assessment of mood and physical activity. Thirteen participants completed a standardized diary over a 10-week period, resulting in 1,860 measurement points. Valence, energetic arousal, and calmness are the three subscales of mood that were assessed. Participants rated their mood promptly after self-selected activities. A multilevel analysis indicates that the three dimensions of mood were positively affected by episodes of physical activity, such as walking or gardening—valence: t(12) = 5.6, p < .001; energetic arousal: t(12) = 2.4, p = .033; calmness: t(12) = 2.8, p = .015. Moreover, the association is affected by the individual baseline mood level, with the greatest effect seen when mood is depressed.

Kanning and Schlicht are with the Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 9242 1771 99
Full Text Views 972 225 13
PDF Downloads 1177 234 12