Beta-Alanine Supplementation Improves Throwing Velocities in Repeated Sprint Ability and 200-m Swimming Performance in Young Water Polo Players

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Gabriel Machado Claus Sao Paulo State University

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Paulo Eduardo Redkva Sao Paulo State University

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Gabriel Mota Pinheiro Brisola Sao Paulo State University

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Elvis Sousa Malta Sao Paulo State University

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Rodrigo de Araujo Bonetti de Poli Sao Paulo State University

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Willian Eiji Miyagi Sao Paulo State University

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Alessandro Moura Zagatto Sao Paulo State University

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of beta–alanine supplementation on specific tests for water polo. Fifteen young water polo players (16 ± 2 years) underwent a 200-m swimming performance, repeated-sprint ability test (RSA) with free throw (shooting), and 30-s maximal tethered eggbeater kicks. Participants were randomly allocated into two groups (placebo × beta-alanine) and supplemented with 6.4g∙day-1of beta-alanine or a placebo for six weeks. The mean and total RSA times, the magnitude based inference analysis showed a likely beneficial effect for beta-alanine supplementation (both). The ball velocity measured in the throwing performance after each sprint in the RSA presented a very like beneficial inference in the beta-alanine group for mean (96.4%) and percentage decrement of ball velocity (92.5%, likely beneficial). Furthermore, the percentage change for mean ball velocity was different between groups (beta-alanine=+2.5% and placebo=-3.5%; p = .034). In the 30-s maximal tethered eggbeater kicks the placebo group presented decreased peak force, mean force, and fatigue index, while the beta-alanine group maintained performance in mean force (44.1%, possibly beneficial), only presenting decreases in peak force. The 200-m swimming performance showed a possibly beneficial effect (68.7%). Six weeks of beta-alanine supplementation was effective for improving ball velocity shooting in the RSA, maintaining performance in the 30-s test, and providing possibly beneficial effects in the 200-m swimming performance.

Claus, Miyagi, and Zagatto are with the Dept. of Physical Education, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Redkva, Brisola, Malta, and de Poli are with the Post-Graduate Program in Movement Sciences, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rio Claro, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Address author correspondence to Alessandro Moura Zagatto at azagatto@yahoo.com.br.
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