How do Coaches’ Attitudes Change When Exposed to a Sport Psychology Workshop?

in Journal of Coaching Education
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  • 1 Indiana State University, Terre Haute
  • | 2 West Virginia University, Morgantown

This study examined: (1) coaches’ attitudes and readiness to use sport psychology (SP) services immediately following a SP workshop; and (2) the impact of an educational intervention on coaches’ attitudes and usage patterns during a one-month follow-up. Ninety swim coaches participated in the SP workshop and a total of 53 swim coaches completed the one-month follow-up. The majority of the sample coached at the high school or age group level. Data provided some evidence for the impact of a SP workshop on stage of change, with approximately 13% of coaches moving from precontemplation to contemplation. Two-way mixed ANOVAs did not reveal significant interactions (group × time) and main effects for time found that coaches’ personal openness, behavioral control, self-efficacy, and intentions increased while perceived barriers decreased immediately post-workshop. Furthermore, changes in coaches’ perceived barriers, behavioral control, and self-efficacy were maintained at the one-month follow-up while personal openness and intentions returned close to baseline. Lastly, no differences were found between the stage-matched and control group with regard to behavioral SP usage patterns (e.g., contacting a SP consultant, seeking out more information about SP). However, approximately 40% of coaches accessed the website during the four-week follow-up. The appropriateness of the transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to SP service use with coaches will be discussed.

Rebecca A. Zakrajsek Indiana State University, Arena C-24 Terre Haute, Indiana 47809 Tel: 812.237.3906 Fax: 812.237.4338 email: rzakrajsek@isugw.indstate.eduSecond Author Contact Information: Sam J. Zizzi West Virginia University PO Box 6116, WVU School of PE Morgantown, WV 26506-6116 Tel: 304.293.3295 ext 5240 email: szizzi@mail.wvu.edu
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